The food we eat is decomposed in the small intestine and mixed into the blood through the intestinal mucosa. Sufficient nutrition of our body is provided by the protrusions, folds, which are found in large numbers in the small intestine. When individuals with celiacs are fed with gluten-containing foods, these villi protrusions are reduced and the intestinal surface is flattened due to allergies in the intestinal mucosa. The nutritional components in edible foods become non-absorbable by the intestines. As a result of malnutrition, many disease symptoms occur.
Causes of Celiac Disease
The exact causes of gluten intolerance are still unknown. But probably a combination of genetic predisposition and environmental factors triggers celiac disease.
According to recent research findings, partially digested gluten molecules that reach the small intestine wall in susceptible individuals cause an excessive reaction in the immune system. Genetic factors are the most important factor in the development of the disease. Often, first-degree relatives of celiac patients, such as parents, siblings or children, also suffer from discomfort. A person’s diet, gastrointestinal infections and intestinal bacteria may contribute to the development of the celiac disease.
Gluten is found in cereals such as wheat, rye, oats, barley and is triggered by the consumption of any food made from them. In contrast, rice, corn, soy or potatoes do not contain gluten and can be easily consumed by patients.
Symptoms in Adults
- Abdominal swelling forward
- Weight reduction by age
- Muscle weakness
- Faecal abnormality increased the need for large toilet
- Liver diseases of unknown cause
- Growth retardation
- Cerebral aphthae
- Anorexia, gas complaints
- Joint and bone pain
- Itchy rash on the skin
Although celiac disease can be diagnosed at any age, it is one of the most difficult to diagnose. Because the symptoms often suggest another related disease. It may be confused because it has similar symptoms with diseases such as early osteoporosis, anaemia, undiagnosed lactose allergy.
Accurate diagnosis is important because the celiac disease causes many changes that are important on human health. Blood tests, which are one of the diagnostic methods, are pre-diagnosed by serological special tests (AGA, EMA), but the definitive diagnosis is made by small intestine biopsy.
What is Celiac Therapy?
If celiac disease is diagnosed; gluten-free in the lifetime of individuals; that is, wheat, oats and barley-free diet. But gluten can also be found in many different nutrients. For this reason, it is very important to do a diet under the supervision of a doctor. Despite the complaints are not taken into account the disease can bring very serious health problems. Despite the disease, the complaints of people who continue their lives without diet continues. Subsequent bone dissolution, liver, kidney, can cause problems in organs such as lungs. If the person does not comply with his diet, the risk of small bowel cancer may increase and the losses due to other organ cancers may increase compared to non-celiac.
Choose Gluten-Free Life
Once celiac disease is diagnosed, quality of life can be improved with the right diets and all complaints can be eliminated. This diet needs to be done for life. Consumption of gluten in celiac disease means deliberately triggering discomfort. With the increase in the incidence of the disease, different ideas were put forward about the possibility of treatment without dieting. However, these methods have no scientific basis. It is extremely dangerous because it directs people to consume gluten. Gluten-free life is vital in the fight against celiac disease. Therefore, the most important thing that people with celiac disease should know: It is possible to get rid of all the complaints with the right diet.