Bronchoscopy is a type of endoscopy method used to examine the airways and lungs after the larynx, and to make some procedures and interventions for diagnosis and treatment.
Bronchoscopy is performed primarily for two purposes.
- Diagnostic bronchoscopy:
- The second is therapeutic (therapeutic) bronchoscopy.
Sometimes small diagnostic procedures can be performed during diagnostic bronchoscopy, and sometimes diagnostic samples may be taken during treatment bronchoscopy. Bronchoscopy is performed primarily for the diagnosis and treatment of diseases involving the airways and lungs. Bronchoscopy is performed in the presence of respiratory and pulmonary diseases that cannot be diagnosed by other diagnostic methods and chronic cough, bloody sputum, hoarseness, and hoarseness.
After passing through the vocal cords, trachea and bronchial structures are examined. If necessary, biopsies can be taken from the tumors with forceps to be sent through the bronchoscope canal, or wash water can be collected by re-collecting the washing material (water) and the lung can be cleaned for analysis. These applications are not painful.
Bronchoscopy can be performed in emergency, life-saving or elective conditions. If there is no life-threatening condition, full hunger is required for at least 4-6 hours. If there is no emergency, the physician may want to perform the procedure at the most appropriate time for many reasons. Bronchoscopy can be performed under local anesthesia and / or conscious sedation or general anesthesia depending on the condition of the patient and the disease. Bronchoscopy is also performed with general anesthesia in our hospital. No pain is felt during the procedure.