What Causes Vitamin C Deficiency?
Vitamin C deficiency is rare, especially in developed countries. However, it may result from malnutrition or a diet devoid of fresh fruit and vegetables. Anorexia or an overly restrictive diet can also cause deficiency.
Other potential causes of vitamin C deficiency include underlying health conditions that affect nutrient absorption, such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis. Smoking can also increase the risk of deficiency, so smokers need to take more vitamin C daily to meet their needs.
How to Tell Vitamin C Deficiency What are the Symptoms?
Since many foods taken in the daily diet contain vitamin C, vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) is not a common condition but the nutritional habits of the person play a decisive role.
Inadequate intake of vitamin C in the daily diet may cause some diseases, while some diseases may reduce the absorption of vitamin C, resulting in vitamin C deficiency (scurvy).
For example, insulin facilitates the intake of vitamin C into the cell. In patients with diabetes, insulin resistance causes vitamin C not to be readily absorbed into cells. For this reason, the number of vitamins to be taken daily in patients with diabetes is more than a healthy person.
The most common causes of vitamin C deficiency (scurvy) are known; malnutrition, alcoholism, anorexia, smoking addiction and dialysis. Also, excessive use of antibiotics, bacterial infections, liver failure can cause deficiency by adversely affecting the absorption of vitamin C in the body.
Symptoms of deficiency:
- Dry skin
- The weakness of hair strands (breakage, rupture)
- Bleeding gums
- Nose bleeding
- Late healing of wounds
- The weakening of the immune system
- Muscle-joint pain
- Easily formed bruises on the skin
- Unexplained sudden weight loss
- Fatigue, weakness
How to Prevent Vitamin C Deficiency
At this point, you may be wondering how you can increase your vitamin C level. The easiest and most effective treatment for vitamin C deficiency is to start changing your diet.
In terms of vitamin C, especially the content of fruits and vegetables is high and usually, only a few servings are sufficient to meet your daily needs. Some of the best sources of vitamin C are:
- Red pepper
- Green pepper
- Ornamental cabbage
- Black cabbage
In some cases, reinforcement may also be recommended to treat a deficiency. Adult men are recommended to take at least 90 milligrams of vitamin C per day and adult women to take at least 75 milligrams of vitamin C per day. However, these needs are increasing in smokers as well as in pregnant or breastfeeding women.
If you suspect vitamin C deficiency, it is best to consult a trusted healthcare professional to determine the best treatment for you.